Menopausa: remédios naturais para os principais sintomas

1 Cup Flaxseed Powder
2/3 Cup Boiling Hot Water
Salt as per taste

2-3 Lettuce Leaves/ Iceberg/ Any other Salad Leaves/Cabbage
3 Slices Tomato/ Cherry Tomatoes
2 Cucumber Sticks
2-3 Onion Slices
1 slice Avocado (Optional)
Drizzle of Lemon Juice
Drizzle of Tahini (Optional)
1 Tbsp Feta/ Cream Cheese/ Sour Cream
1 Tsp Mint Leaves (Optional)
Any Keto/Diet Friendly Hot Sauce
Salt & Pepper as per taste


  • In a mixing bowl, add Flaxseed Powder and Salt.
  • You can make the Flaxseed Powder easily at home. Just grind whole roasted Flaxseeds in your small Chutney Grinder or high-speed blender till you achieve a fine powder. You can use store bought flaxseed meal too, but make sure it is ground into a fine powder. If it isn’t, then pulse it in your grinder until you don’t see pieces of the seeds.
  • This can be made with Golden Flaxseeds (Linseed) as well. The colour will be lighter and the taste milder than brown Flaxseeds. Both have the same nutrition properties.
  • Now add boiling hot water to your flaxseed salt mixture and mix well with a spoon.
  • Keep mixing this until it forms a non-sticky pliable dough. This should take around 3-5 minutes.
  • Add more Flax powder if the dough is sticking to your hands.
  • Now divide into small balls and roll each ball into a tortilla between 2 parchment paper. You can use a plastic or silicone sheet instead.
  • Try to get as thin as possible.
  • You can use a round bowl to mould into a perfectly round tortilla. I don’t do that because it’s just too much work for me.
  • Heat a well seasoned cast iron pan or any non-stick pan on medium.
  • Place this rolled out tortilla on the pan and let it cook for 1-2 minutes.
  • Carefully, flip to eventually cook both sides well.
  • You don’t have to cook this for long since the flaxseeds are already well roasted and cooked. So if you wish to use this as a wrap, then cook minimal, but if you need it to be a little harder/crispier, like a thin crust base for your veggies or if you want to make tortilla chips, then you can cook further till you achieve that.
  • Place the tortilla on a plate.
  • Now let’s fill this with some veggies and dressing and make it palatable.
  • Start with a leafy base, like Salad Leaves of your choice. You can use Cabbage too.
  • Layer this with Sliced Tomatoes, Onions and Cucumber Sticks.
  • This is optional, but you can add a few slices of Avocado too. I haven’t tried, but should go well.
  • Spread some Mint Leaves over this. Optional.
  • Drizzle with some Lemon Juice, Tahini Sauce (Optional) and any Hot Sauce of your choice. Even a little Feta/ Cream Cheese/ Sour Cream should go well.
  • Sprinkle Salt & Pepper as per taste.
  • Roll it like a wrap and enjoy a healthy, filling, omega-3 packed Vegan – Gluten Free and Keto Friendly wrap.
Comidas saludables versión tupper para llevar a la oficina | Glamour
Cómo usar la linaza para bajar de peso?
Follow my love for food, travel & more



Divyashree Mangalorkar Gupta
6 Countries & many more to go
Mumbai, India



I never buy breadcrumbs and always make them at home. After I use bread to make sandwiches for the family, I always have 3-4 bread slices left, which I store in my fridge post the ‘expiry’ date. Instead of letting it mould and eventually throwing them out, especially the ends which harden over time, it’s best to make breadcrumbs out of them. You can use breadcrumbs for a variety of recipes like to roll patties before frying, mix in tikki batter, use to thicken chutneys and so on so forth! It’s super easy to make. I won’t really write an ingredient list because well it needs just one ingredient, no prizes for guessing – it’s leftover old bread, or even fresh ones if you feel like it!



There are so many ways to help our planet heal, one of which is incorporating sustainable development in our lives. It may sound very fancy and difficult for most, but it actually isn’t. Sustainable living is a lifestyle or a mindset where you try to reduce your usage of Earth’s natural resources by reducing your personal need of resources. Practitioners of sustainability reduce their carbon footprint by altering their choices in terms of transportation, energy consumption and some even switch to a natural cruelty free diet. It is not mandatory to follow everything at once, because we all know it’s not practical to become 100% sustainable just one fine day. It’s a habit you need to form and fortunately there are small and simple ways you can easily adopt and start your journey towards the betterment of our planet. And as and when you feel comfortable you can take up difficult habits and be in sync with the natural balance and respectful of humanity’s symbiotic relationship with the Earth’s natural ecology and cycles. 

Of course, I’ve mentioned below some really easy sustainable habits you can follow, but if you want to train yourself to be more mindful, what you ….



Photo by Tom Pumford on Unsplash

While watching American & British TV shows, I noticed that almost every other series mentioned the ‘Punch’ drink at least once. I was curious because the drink kept showing up everywhere!

In most of these TV series, the drink looked fruity, red and quite an interesting ‘social’ drink, because they were usually served at college parties, family outings or community gatherings in huge glass bowls!

Yesterday while watching an episode of Gilmore Girls, I heard the character Rory mention ‘Punch’ again and this time I had to know!

And when I did look it up, I was surprised to find the history behind this drink and how it got the name! I’m sure most of you would be too.

As per many sources on the internet, English explorers discovered ‘Punch’ when they first went to India in the 1600’s. You heard that right! Punch seems to have originated in India and has been around for hundreds of years! This drink was brought to England by sailors and employees of the British East India Company in the early 17th century.

How did it get the name? Well, this may surprise you if the first one didn’t. The word punch is borrowed from the language, Sanskrit which looks like this – पञ्च and is pronounced exactly the way Punch is pronounced. Punch in Sanskrit means ‘five’ and since the drink was originally made with just five ingredients – Arrack(Spirit), Sugar, Lemon, Water and Tea or Spices, you now know where that name came from.

The term punch was first recorded in the British documents in 1632. At the time, most punches were mulled with a wine or brandy base.

Around 1655, Jamaican Rum came into use and the modern punch emerged.

By 1671, documents started making references to ‘punch houses’ even!

Now let’s dive into details!

I mentioned Arrack earlier which is the key ingredient in the original Indian Punch. The word sounds very similar to Ark, which is a term broadly used in Ayurveda. Simply put, Ark is nothing but fresh distilled herbs. When herbs are boiled, the steam is collected, cooled and liquefied. The end product is the purest essence of the item that was boiled and is enriched with all of its essential properties.

Now I’m assuming Arrack is derived from the word Ark since they both use distillation process, the difference being the former is a distilled ‘alcoholic’ drink. It is produced in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia from the fermented sap of coconut flowers or sugarcane and also with grains like red rice or fruit depending upon the country of origin. It is sometimes spelled arak or simply referred to as ‘rack or ‘rak. It is not the same as the anise-flavoured distilled spirit called Arak or Araq. But seems like anything distilled sounds similar here, haha!

Now the non-alcoholic varieties typically include a mix of fruit juice, water, a sweetener like sugar or syrup, lemon-lime carbonated soda or fruit-flavoured sodas with chunks of real fruits like oranges, apples and pineapples.

Though it’s mainly known as a non-alcoholic beverage today, according to another story, punch was invented as an alternative for beer by men working on the ships for the British East India Company. The beer they stacked on the ships grew rancid when they reached warmer waters of Indian Ocean. To avoid this, sailors created these special drinks out of the ingredients readily available and indigenous to India like rum, citrus and spices. The sailors brought punch back to Britain and soon the drink became a party staple, finding its way to the Caribbean where it became what we know today as Rum Punch and eventually spreading to countries even as far as the American colonies.

Here’s a famous Barbadian rhyme that many of you may already know: “One of Sour, Two of Sweet, Three of Strong, Four of Weak.” Well Spices make Five — And that’s the recipe for a perfect Punch using one part lime juice, two parts sweetener, three parts rum, four parts water along with some spices! Can this get any easier?

Image by Bernadette Wurzinger from Pixabay

At present there are countless variations of Fruit & Liquor Punches around the globe but let’s see how this 5 ingredient Punch got modified as it traveled to different regions.


Blow My Skull is a famous alcoholic punch drink that originated in the mid-19th century Australia. This punch contains rum, porter, brandy, lime, sugar along with other ingredients. Other variations are Blow my skull off, Almost blow my skull off and so on which also use Jagermeister.


Bajan Punch is made with rum, lime juice, cane sugar, nutmeg, and bitters. Falernum liqueur is also frequently added which in itself was an early form of punch made by steeping cloves with rum, lime and other ingredients.


Ti’ Punch, literally meaning ‘small punch’ is a rum-based punch that is popular in the French speaking islands of the Caribbean. The drink is traditionally made with white rhum agricole, lime and cane syrup.


Cups is a style of punch, traditionally served before the departure of a hunting party in England. It is now also served at social gatherings such as backyard parties, sports events and picnics. They are generally lower in alcohol content and use wine, cider or sloe gin as the base mixed with a lot of fruit juice or soft drinks. Pimm’s Cup is one famous style which uses Pimm’s No.1 and British-style lemonade at a ratio of 1:2, a squeeze of lemon with some orange, lemon and apple slices, a couple of cucumber wedges and decorated with borage flowers.


Punsch in German refers to a blend of several fruit juices and spices with wine or liquor and is topped with champagne or sparkling wine. Parties on New Year’s Eve (Silvester) often include a Feuerzangenbowle which is a burnt punch that literally means – fire tongs punch. A flaming overproof rum (such as Stroh) is poured over a Zuckerhut (sugarloaf) which is a large conical sugar cube placed in the ‘Feuerzange’ which dribbles into the simmering Red Wine mixed with cut fruits, spices and fruit juices . It’s similar to mulled wine (Glühwein). Jagertee punch is another warm punch, popular with hunters spending time in the cold.

Indian Subcontinent

Arrack based punches were historically popular in India and Sri Lanka, where it was distilled from toddy, the wine made from sap of various palm trees. Possibly the original version of Punch.


Hwachae and Sujeonggwa are two traditional styles of punch made from dried persimmons, cinnamon, watermelon and ginger.


Ponche is served warm in Mexico during the Christmas holiday season using seasonal and exotic ingredients like prunes, pears, dry hibiscus, star anise and sugar cane pieces. They also add fresh tejocotes, known to the Aztecs as Texocotli (stone fruit). Tejocotes are the fruit of the hawthorn tree and resemble crab apples with a sweet-sour flavour and has an orange to golden yellow colour.

South America

Clericot (also called Clericó and Clericoda) is a drink that is similar to Punch. Made with a mix between wine or cider and different kinds of citrus and tropical fruits such as orange, melon, mamon, apple, pineapple, diced canned peaches and strawberries, it is served during summer festivities such as New Year and Christmas in a pitcher. In Paraguay, this is served in a clay pot called kambuchi. 


Punch is called bål in Sweden and is commonly served in a bowl at social functions. Do not confuse Bål with the Swedish Punsch, which is a specific type of alcoholic punch using arrack that is considered the national drink of Sweden. Due to its popularity the arrack punch saw commercial bottling in 1845 and became known more broadly outside Scandinavia as the liqueur – Swedish punsch. Dragoon punch was popular in Sweden and Norway in the early 1900s which added both stout and beer to liqueurs like brandy, champagne and sherry.

United States

Some claim Planter’s Punch was invented at the bar of the Planters’ House hotel in St. Louis, Missouri. The recipe of Planter’s Punch varies, containing some combination of rum, lemon juice, orange juice, lime juice, pineapple juice, grenadine, soda water, curaçao, angostura bitters and cayenne pepper. Southern bourbon punch is a drink closely associated Southern states. Sweet bourbon punch is made with sweet tea (a signature drink of the South), citrus flavours and bourbon whiskey. Bourbon is named for Bourbon County, Kentucky and each year during the Kentucky Derby, recipes for bourbon punch thrive.

Image by Анастасия Белоусова from Pixabay

Here’s a list (not a complete list) of some Classic & Modern Punch variations. :
Charles Dickens’ Punch
Philadelphia Fish House Punch
Ferdinand & Isabella’s Punch
Apple Pie Punch
Dorothy’s Delight 
Smoochin’ Under the Clock Tower
Daniel Webster’s Punch
Hannah Wooley Punch
Smoking Bishop
Jingle Juice Holiday Punch
Painful Punch
Queen Charlotte Punch
Pomegranate Orange Punch
Blueberry Sage & Gin Punch
Regent Punch
Hibiscus Punch Royale
So Long, Sweet Summer
Poor Richard
Eggnog Punch
Parish Hall Punch
Jim Beam Fruit Punch
Pineapple and Sage Gimlet
Rosé Berry Bliss
White Peach Sangria
Apricot Sunray
Grapefruit Ginger Spiced Rum Punch
Packer’s Punch
Cranberry Fresh Punch
Winter Punch
Apple & Pear Sangria
Pomegranate Champagne Punch
Cranberry Elderflower Champagne Punch
Midori Berry Bliss Punch
Liquid Lust
Spiced Blood Orange Champagne Punch
Best Champagne Punch
Mrs.Claus’ Wildside Punch
Cranberry & Mint Rum Punch
Mulled Wine
The Dirty Flower
Hot Gold Apple Cider Punch
Cognac Punch
Centennial Punch
Harvest Shandy
Sparkling Cranberry Punch
Autumn Bourbon Sangria
Fruit Punch
Sherbet Holiday Punch
Salted Caramel Apple Punch
Thanksgiving Punch


Photo by Macau Photo Agency on Unsplash

What is Coronavirus?

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause diseases in animals. Seven, including the new virus, have made the jump to humans, but most just cause cold-like symptoms. The two other coronaviruses – Middle East respiratory syndrome (Mers) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars), are much more severe in nature. It is a new strain that hasn’t been previously identified in humans.

The new virus, officially called Covid-19, is also dangerous. So far, around 20 per cent of confirmed cases have been classed as severe or critical, whereas the death rate stands at around 2%.

This is much lower than the fatality rates for MERS at 30 per cent and SARS at 10 per cent, but still a very significant threat.

Coronaviruses are also zoonotic in nature, meaning they can be transmitted between animals and humans.

Scientists in China believe that COVID-19 has mutated into two strains, one more aggressive than the other, which could make developing a vaccine more complicated.


Common signs of an infection:

  1. Respiratory symptoms
  2. Fever
  3. Cold & Cough
  4. Shortness of breath or breathing difficulties

Severe signs of an infection:

  1. Pneumonia
  2. Severe acute respiratory syndrome
  3. Kidney failure
  4. Death

What preventive measures can one take?

  1. Wear N-95 masks to prevent spreading of the virus if you are positive or to protect yourself from getting infected around people sneezing and coughing.
  2. Wash your hands often or use hand sanitisers or wipes, especially before touching any exposed areas of your body like your nose, mouth, eyes, wounds, etc.
  3. If you are out of Hand Sanitisers or they are not available at the Pharmacy due to the high demand, you can make your own. Mix Aloe Vera gel with Rubbing Alcohol or anything else which has 60% alcohol content and use this to keep your hands germ free. OR Wash your hands throughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds each time.
  4. Washing with soap is more effective than using sanitisers. Use sanitisers only when you don’t have access to water & soap. For instance when travelling.
  5. Disinfect surfaces or wipe them as often as possible, including your phone and belt. The virus can stay on any surface for upto 9 days.
  6. Stay hydrated. Though there is no clear indication whether keeping your throat moist directly protects you against complications, it’s a no loss tip you can follow.
  7. Always cover your mouth with a paper napkin and discard it after you cough or sneeze, whether or not you have the virus. Protect others from getting infected.
  8. Avoid unnecessary travel.
  9. Avoid crowded places.
  10. Cook your veggies, eggs and meat throughly.
  11. Avoid eating vegetables or fruits raw immediately after getting them from the market. Wash & keep them aside for a few days before consuming raw or cook them well.
  12. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
  13. Take care of your pets too. They can get infected as well.
  14. Take special care of children, the old and those with an underlying illness or low immunity.
  15. When staying at a highly infected area, try and wear new pair of clothes every single day and at before retiring for bed, either wash the clothes or keep them separately packed and wash when back home with a disinfectant detergent.
  16. Get yourself checked if you strongly feel you’ve been infected. Ignorance is not always bliss.

Possible treatment/cure: It’s a music that can help people who have contracted the virus. I cannot guarantee results, but it may really work if you truly believe. If you think someone needs this, please share. I am not being paid by the creator. I’m only here to help. Here is the link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p5WIr-n1v88 
Update: The video was taken down. I tried to find this and couldn’t. Clearly YouTube/Government didn’t want this out there. Some other YouTubers have uploaded the same video but don’t know how effective they are. So if you are looking for this video, you can pay a small amount and download directly from https://gumroad.com/l/krPtt

Real-time Coronavirus Pandemic tracker (World):

Real-time Coronavirus Pandemic tracker (India)https://www.covid19india.org

Share and let your loved ones know how to take care and please do leave comments below, especially if you know tips I may have missed.

Stay safe.



There’s always a solution to all your problems and it’s no different with Math.

As kids or as adults, we do find calculating multiplication tables a little difficult, especially when the numbers are between 10 – 99.

Ofcourse, we always have a calculator or our mobile phones to help us with such calculations. But what when we don’t have access to those or are prohibited to use scientific instruments, for instance during competitive exams?

With this trick, you won’t have to worry further. This easy calculation will help you out. All you need is a pen and paper and tables between 2-9. Well that can be managed, I suppose!

So check this 36 seconds video and share it with people you care, especially children, since they need it the most! 😀

Do try it out yourself.

Happy Calculating!

Catch Pokémon For A Living Now!

“Wanted Pokémon trainer dexterous at finding and catching Pokémons.” That’s a listing on Babajob.com, seeking a Pokémon Catcher!


The Bengaluru-based job portal has created a new category for Pokémon Catcher. It allows people to hire others to play #PokémonGo, the vastly popular augmented reality-based game, in their stead.

The company says that it expects this to become a trend soon. The job has currently been posted by Ash Ketchum. Pokémon fans will know that this is the lead character in the original anime series. According to Babajob, the company’s co-founder and COO, Vir Kashyap, is going to hire someone to play in his place.

In an email interaction with Digit, Kashyap explained that he and CEO, Sean Blagsvedt, started a friendly competition amongst themselves in the game. Kashyap however injured himself midway, rendering him unable to play. He plans to hire someone to play in his place, and the person will be paid Rs. 1,999 for reaching a particular level in the game.

The job posting states that the remuneration can go up to Rs, 25,000 per month. A sum that is equivalent to starting salaries for freshers in many specialised fields.

“One should be alert and swift. Also, the user should have enough knowledge about the Pokémon world to become a successful Pokémon Catcher,” said Kashyap, on being asked what the criteria for employment will be.

The opening is currently in Bengaluru, but the company said it has received lots of applications from across the country. The one selected will currently be going around Bengaluru, collecting Pokémon, and visiting other startup offices, which may appear as Pokéstops in the game.

It was only a matter of time before #PokemonGo opened up opportunities for others to earn money off of it. Interestingly, the game isn’t even officially available in India yet, although, the country is generating a hefty load off the traffic on Niantic’s servers. The website shows that many applicants have already applied for the job, and Babajob is currently reviewing the applications to hire a Pokémon Catcher for Kashyap.

I am a Freelance Designer.  Click Here to check my work 🙂

Easy DIY Origami Artwork!

Check these videos out and learn Origami which is the art of paper folding, often associated with the Japanese culture!

They are so easy and fun to make. All you need to know is how to fold a paper!







Share your ideas or artwork and post them on my Facebook Page A Philomath’s Journal


The Secrets of Victoria’s Secret you probably didn’t know!

This cult American lingerie brand is such a must have for every second woman around the globe, isn’t it? Supermodel brand ambassadors or ‘angels’ right from Heidi Klum to Adriana Lima, Miranda Kerr and Helena Christensen have become global faces!

But do you know where Victoria’s Secret manufactures its ‘Pink’ lingerie brand?

It’s manufactured at ‘Intimate Fashions Factory’ which is located at a small village in Kanchipuram district just 30 kms from Chennai in Tamil Nadu! Yes, India!

The women who work at the Intimate Fashions Factory, which produces bras for Victoria’s Secret, La Senza and others, come mostly from poor rural areas in India.

There are close to 2,500 employees (mostly women) working at Intimate Fashions. The girls make around Rs. 8000 a month which is twice as much as the majority of men in their villages who make just about Rs. 120 a day working on farms.

These young women are breadwinners! Not only that, there a positive social changes taking place due to these jobs. Girls, who were married off straight out of school are now delaying their marriages by three or four years.

On Intimate Fashion’s massive factory floor, hundreds of women in bright pink aprons and headscarves sit in long lines bent over their machines, busily stitching red satin ribbons and lilac lace straps as Tamil pop music blares out from speakers.

The conditions at Intimate Fashions is a major improvement for Victoria’s Secret following Bloomberg’s revelations that the company reportedly used cotton that had been picked by teenage girls under gruelling conditions in Burkina Faso, West Africa.

Well it doesn’t end here. Victoria has another secret! Our homegrown Alok Industries along with its Sri Lankan partner, MAS Intimates, source close to 300 tonnes of organic, free-trade Burkinabe cotton for Victoria’s Secret. Not just that! This cotton gets shipped to India and Alok Industries spins 200 tonnes of yarn which is then made into fabric and sent to MAS Intimates factories for their other garments before it hits high-street fashion shelves from New York and Paris to London and Tokyo. Their involvement with Alok Industries has been strong since 2007!

After all this, Victoria’s Secret has just one stand-alone store in the whole of India. Delhi! So unfair!


Why does “Will Not” not become “Willn’t”?

Most contractions in English are pretty straightforward. The pattern of contraction for verbs and the negative adverb ‘not is very basic in majority instances. You first write the contraction, then the n of not, then an apostrophe, followed by the t of not. This is true for all of the following examples:

is not, isn’t;
are not, aren’t;
was not, wasn’t;
were not, weren’t;
has not, hasn’t;
have not, haven’t;
had not, hadn’t;
cannot, can’t;
could not, couldn’t;
do not, don’t;
does not, doesn’t;
did not, didn’t;
may not, mayn’t;
might not, mightn’t;
should not, shouldn’t;
would not, wouldn’t;
must not, mustn’t;
ought not, oughtn’t;
dare not, daren’t;

need not, needn’t.

There are only three of the most frequently used verb + negative adverb examples that don’t work like this: shan’t, ain’t and won’t. Let’s look at how they differ from the majority of examples and then try to understand why.

Shan’t is the contraction of shall not, ain’t is a contraction of am not and won’t is defined as the contraction of will not. Look at what happens when we add the negative adverb to each one:

shall + not (take away ll; take away o) —> shan’t

Now, you may wonder why aren’t there two apostrophes, since two letters are removed in one place and one in another place? Why isn’t it sha’n’t? The fact is that at one time as recently as the 20th Century, it was spelled as sha’n’t! Perhaps people who didn’t understand the role of the apostrophe “misspelled” it or brought it into line by copying the pattern of the majority of verb/negative adverb contractions.

In a similar way, am not was also spelled as amn’t instead of ain’t which later came into use.

Ain’t is a contraction for am not, is not, are not, has not, and have not in the common English language vernacular. In some dialects ain’t is also used as a contraction of do not, does not, and did not. The development of ain’t for the various forms of to be not, to have not, and to do not occurred independently, at different times. The usage of ain’t for the forms of to be not was established by the mid-18th century, and for the forms of to have not by the early 19th century.

The usage of ain’t is a perennial subject of controversy in English. Ain’t is commonly used by many speakers in oral or informal settings, especially in certain regions and dialects. Its usage is often highly stigmatized, and it may be used as a marker of socio-economic or regional status or education level. Its use is generally considered non-standard by dictionaries and style guides except when used for rhetorical effect, and it is rarely found in formal written works.

Amn’t as a contraction of am not is known from 1618.  As the “mn” combination of two nasal consonants is disfavoured by many English speakers, the “m” of amn’t began to be elided, reflected in writing with the new form an’t. Aren’t as a contraction for are not first appeared in 1675. In non-rhotic dialects, aren’t lost its “r” sound, and began to be pronounced as an’tAn’t (sometimes a’n’t) arose from am not and are not almost simultaneously.

I am doing good, am I not? 
–>I am doing good, amn’t I? (Earlier Usage)
–>I am doing good, ain’t I? (Present day usage)

What about won’t?

will + not (take away ll; take away o) —> win’t rather than won’t

The fact is that the contraction won’t was created when an older form of will not was in use. At different times and places “will” came out as wulle, wole, wool, welle, wel, wile, wyll, and even ull, and ool. From at least the 16th century, the preferred form was wonnot from “woll not,” with occasional departures later to winnot, wunnot, or the expected willn’t. Finally after years of change by our linguistic ancestors, “will” won the battle of the “woles/wulles/ools,” but for the negative contraction, “wonnot” simply won out, and contracted further to the “won’t” we use today. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, won’t was formed from woll not, an earlier form of will not. Knowing this, we can now set up our diagram of the formation of the contraction like this:

woll + not (take away ll; take away o) —> won’t

And we can see that it is formed identically to shan’t. So did won’t at one time have a double apostrophe as well? Yes: at one time, the correct spelling (or a correct spelling) was wo’n’t!

The verb “will” has been spelled all sorts of ways since first showing up as wyllan around 1,000 in Aelfric’sGrammar, an Old English introduction to Latin grammar. The Oxford English Dictionary has many Middle English examples of the wole or wol spelling dating back to the 1200s.

Now that you know the history, it should be easier to connect 🙂